Abortion Timeline

1969 The criminal code is amended to decriminalize abortions done by a doctor in a hospital after approval for the procedure has been given by a “therapeutic abortion committee” who has judged that a woman’s life or health “would” or “would be likely” to be affected by continuation of pregnancy. No obligation exists for either doctors or hospitals to participate in abortion.
1970 In the early 70’s abortion is paid for by Medicare after initial statements that it would not be paid for by public funds
1973-1974 Henry Morgentaler sets up an abortuary in Montreal contrary to law. He is arrested, charged, found innocent, decision appealed, found guilty. This happens three times. Finally the Quebec government stops charging him and he continues to do abortions in Montreal.
1975 May A petition of over 1 million signatures sponsored by Alliance for Life, the national umbrella organization for pro life education groups in Canada and greater than any in Canada’s history is presented to parliament requesting protection for the life of the unborn.
1975 Joe Borowski, former NDP Minister of Highways in Manitoba launches a court case asking that the 1969 amendments to the Criminal Code be declared invalid, and that the outlay of public money for abortion is unlawful because it contravenes the Canadian Charter of Rights.
1981 The province of Quebec sets up Abortion Clinics as part of its community health services. These CLSC’s operate outside Canadian law but with the financial backing of the government of Quebec.
1982 Henry Morgentaler announces plans to establish a free standing abortuary in Winnipeg. Shortly thereafter he opens one in Toronto as well. In Manitoba, the College of Physicians & Surgeons refuses to license the facility. Raids on both centres occur in 1983.
1983 Morgentaler is charged with illegal abortion, along with abortionists Smoling and Scott. Morgentaler and Scott are also charged in Winnipeg.
1984 A young father, Alex Medhurst tries to prevent his wife from aborting their child. The court rules against him.
1985 The Ontario jury acquits the abortionists after accepting Morgentaler’s use of the defense of necessity. The Ontario Court of Appeal reverses the decision. Morgentaler asks the Supreme Court to hear the case.
1986 Eighteen year old Erin Shannon dies at Ottawa Civic Hospital following a “legal” abortion.
1986 Roussel Uclaf, manufacturer and distributor of RU 486 signs an agreement with the World Health Organization at the Population Council making RU 486 available to these agencies worldwide.
1988 January 28: The Supreme Court of Canada in a split decision strikes down Section 251 of the Criminal Code; declaring it unconstitutional. Provinces respond by setting up their own regulations on the performance of abortion. In Manitoba where the Morgentaler case was in abeyance pending the Supreme Court decision, the government now permits abortions outside of hospitals but refuses to pay for abortions from public funds. Morgentaler announces a five year plan to open abortuaries in all provinces
1988 The Borowski case which had been going to court parallel with Morgentaler’s is dropped since the law on abortion no longer exists.
1989 Various proposals are made to draft a new abortion law. One submitted by Gus Mitges MP, which would have prevented all abortions, comes closest to passing. In the end no proposal receives majority support.
1989 Barbara Dodd in Toronto and Chantal Daigle in Quebec go to court to try and get abortions after their boyfriends got injunctions to prevent them from doing so. Dodd gets the OK from the Supreme Court of Ontario, is aborted, then regrets her decision. Daigle is refused by Quebec’s Superior Court, goes to Supreme Court and is given the go ahead. Now no father can prevent abortion of his child
1989 October Government creates the Royal Commission on NRTs to report in October 1992.
1989 November 03 A new abortion law, Bill C43 is presented in the House of Commons. It passes May 29, 1990 and is sent to Senate for debate. Bill C43 retains abortion as a criminal offence but permits it on very broad grounds.
1990 October Morgentaler opens abortuary in Newfoundland.
1990 November A court in Cambridge upholds an injunction prohibiting individuals from Cambridge Pro Life from coming within 50 feet of abortionists’ offices. Drs. Assad and Chan drop a second part of the suit as claim for lost business. Injunctions around abortuaries to prevent picketers become a common thread across Canada.
1991 January 31 The Senate defeats Bill C-43 in a tie vote. There is no law on abortion in Canada.
1991 arch 21 The Supreme Court rules that a child in the process of being born was not a “person” (even though the head was outside the mother’s body.) Therefore the two midwives Sullivan and Lemay could not be found negligent in causing the death of the child whose mother they were attending. This confirms that unborn babies do not have any legal rights unless they are born alive. (cc.Sec.206)
1991 Spring Doctors at the Victoria General Hospital in Halifax begin fetal tissue transplants after great objection from general public.
1991 Life chains begin in parts of Canada
1991 Etienne Baulieu, the inventor of RU486 tells CARAL that trial of the abortion pill will soon begin in Canada.
1991 March Saskatchewan’s College of Physicians & Surgeons recommends that abortions be done outside of hospitals. In June this is vetoed by Saskatchewan Minister of Health.
1991 June 27 The Supreme Court unanimously rules that it is constitutionally permissible for unions to use compulsory dues to finance causes which may be opposed by workers who pay those dues. College teacher Mervyn Levinge had objected his union’s support of the NDP and of pro abortion causes.
1991 September 19 year old Myrna George of BC dies as the result of an abortion.
1991 September Morgentaler opens abortuary in Edmonton.
1991 October A plebiscite held during a provincial election in Saskatchewan resulted in 62% of electors saying NO to the question, “Should the government pay for abortion procedures.” The results are not binding on the government.
1991 December The Federal Court of Appeal rules that Every woman’s Health Centre, an abortion facility, is a registered charity and can issue tax receipts for donations.
1991 September & December Morgentaler and his Alberta associate Theodore Busheikin open abortuaries in Edmonton (Sept.) And Calgary (Dec.) Busheikin is in the midst of a lawsuit for botching an abortion on a 28 year old woman whose fertility is permanently damaged by the abortion.
1991 Nova Scotia government appeals to the Supreme Court to reverse two lower court decisions which acquitted Morgentaler of illegally performing abortions in his unlicensed Halifax abortion centre.
1991 December Quebec’s Civil Code is revised. The changes allow girls 14 years old or older to abort their children without parental knowledge or consent.
1992 Boycott of Hoechst and Rhone-Poulenc begins for their role in “RU486” chemical warfare on preborn babies.
1992 May 18 Explosion and fire at Morgentaler’s Harbord Street abortuary destroys the building. This leads to unsubstantiated blame on pro life people and to greatly increased financial support by the Ontario government to Morgentaler.
1992 June 29 Cecilia Moore had been dismissed from her position in 1985 as a BC Ministry Financial Aid Worker for having denied abortion coverage to a client whom she believed was not entitled to an abortion, either medically or legally. The BC Council on Human Rights found that Cecilia had been discriminated against on the basis of her religion, contrary to Section 8 of the Human Rights Act.
1992 Ontario NDP Government initiates an injunction against pro life picketers nears hospitals and abortion clinics. Freedom of speech is thereby limited.
1992 The BC Court of Appeal upholds a 3.5 million dollar award to Jody Cherry after the failed abortion of her child. The abortionist “missed” aborting the baby girl then failed to detect the continuation of the pregnancy. The baby was born at 32 weeks and has cerebral palsy. This is a first wrongful birth case; the error being that the girl was born alive-not killed.
1992 December The BC government revises its “Infant Act” therein lowering the age of consent for medical treatment. “Infants” are 19 and under; there is no downward limit for consent. The ‘health care provider’ has no obligation to either seek the consent of the parents or a second opinion but must feel assured that the “infant” understands treatment and consequences.
1993 In Ontario a blanket injunction against demonstrations, picketing etc. is sought by Attorney General Marion Boyd to prevent any activity within 500 feet of 23 abortion related centres. Damages are sought against 18 named pro lifers for having engaged in lawful activities such as sidewalk counselling around abortuaries
1993 In PEI Morgentaler files suit to get payment for abortions in his abortuary; claims PEI’s payment policy is discriminatory.
1993 March 02 The Manitoba Court of Appeal ruled 3-2 that a regulation by the Health Services Commission stating that abortion is NOT as insured service unless performed in an approved hospital is insufficient authority to prevent payment for abortions in Morgentaler’s facility. Morgentaler boasted of his win. The Manitoba government promptly passes legislation retroactive to the date of the Court of Appeal judgment. Morgentaler receives NO payment in Manitoba.
1993 September The parents and boyfriend of 18 year old Karine Rivard (mother of a 6 month old boy), who dies after an abortion at the University of Sherbrooke (QC) clinic, launch a civil suit against the facility. She died of a severe allergic reaction which caused her to choke to death. Proper equipment was not available at the out-of-hospital facility.
1993 November 15 The Royal Commission on New Reproductive Technologies presents its report. The Commission had been racked by inner conflict with almost half the commissioners resigning at one point because of irreconcilable perspectives and priorities. In spite of supposed principle of “CARE”, the Report takes a very mechanistic view of individual human lives. The conclusions are drawn along feminist/lesbian lines.
1994 Summer Dr. Ellen Wiebe of Everywoman’s Health Centre (an abortuary) recruits women who are pregnant and who will accept to try out the M&M abortion technique-Methotrexate and Misoprostol; both drugs commonly used for other purposes. The boycotts of companies associated with “RU486” has led to abortionists seeking out other chemical means of ending fetal life.
1994 Morgentaler opens abortuary in Fredericton, NB.
1994 August NDP Attorney General of Ontario, Marion Boyd is granted an interim injunction which prohibits pro life demonstrations and picketing closer than 500 feet from the homes of abortionists. Protesters must stay 30-60 feet away from entrances to abortuaries. The use of signs is allowed despite the Attorney General’s request that they be banned.
1994 November BC abortionist, Garson Romalis, is shot in the leg at his home. Although police say no known link exists between the shooting and the abortion work Romalis does; the press refers to this shooting as “abortion related.”
1995 February Morgentaler’s challenges to PEI’s policy of funding only “medically necessary” abortions is successful. The judge rules that abortion is a basic health service and must therefore be included in the government’s health funding. The PEI government appeals.
1995 February – March In Alberta the Committee to End Tax Funded Abortion (CEFTA) releases results of a poll showing 71% of Alberta taxpayers believe abortion should not be funded with tax dollars. The Committee argues against government funding of a non essential service. Many backbenchers in government support CEFTA and force government to deal with issue. Much education of government is done. Result is; no change to tax support for abortion.
1995 August BC’s NDP government sets up a “bubble zone” around abortuaries which forbids leafleting, sidewalk counselling or any attempt to dissuade people from performing or submitting to abortion. The bubble zone, it is argued, infringes people’s freedom of expression
1995 Summer Diane Marleau, Canada’s Minister of Health calls for a voluntary moratorium on a number of NRTs including genetic diagnosis for sex selection. This is seen as a feeble response to the Royal Commission’s request for legislation forbidding certain NRTs.
1995 November The Ontario government introduces changes to the Health Care Consent Act which could lead to children accepting abortion or other “medical” care without parental consent and to vulnerable people being euthanized.
1995 November Dr. Hugh Short, abortionist, is shot in the arm at his home near Hamilton.
1996 February The BC “bubble zone” law is greatly circumscribed when BC Provincial Judge E.J. Cronin dismisses the charges against Maurice Lewis who had prayed and worn a sandwich board (asking God’s protection for the unborn) inside the bubble zone. Activists in other areas, Toronto, Calgary, Edmonton, Montreal decide to challenge the “bubble zones” in their areas, but are not successful.
1996 Spring Partial Birth Abortion (also called D&X abortion) make the headlines in the U.S. The U.S. Senate and Congress both pass legislation forbidding this killing of almost born babies. Clinton vetoes the legislation, thereby killing the legislation. Reports surface of D&X or partial birth abortions being committed in Canada or paid by Medicare for out-of-country abortions.
1996 January 01 – May & June Brenda Drummond, 28, is charged with attempted murder after she shot her nearly full term son with a pellet gun while he was still in utero. Jonathan was born 2 days later, was treated in intensive care and survived
1996 August A Winnipeg woman, five months pregnant and abusing solvents, is ordered by Judge Perry Schulman into treatment to protect her unborn child after Child & Family Services and the woman’s family applied to the Courts for an Order. The case is appealed by the woman’s lawyer, and the appeal judge reverses the order of September. In the meantime, the woman has been in detox and has revised her lifestyle. The woman’s appeal is challenged by Winnipeg Child & Family Services and is to go to the Supreme Court.
1996 September 23 Joe Borowski dies.
1996 October A comprehensive review of medical literature and meta-analysis of the link between induced abortion and subsequent breast cancer is published in the prestigious British Medical Association Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. Using the most conservative method of statistical compilation possible, the report showed a 30% overall increased breast cancer risk for women with induced abortions
1996 October 08 BC Supreme Court Judge Mary Saunders overturns an earlier court ruling on BC “bubble zones” and the case of Maurice Lewis. Access to abortion is deemed to take precedence over freedom of expression
1996 December 23 Judge Inger Hansen rules on the Drummond case. Brenda Drummond is acquitted of attempted murder of her baby Jonathan, because according to the law, a baby is not a legal “person” worthy of legal protection, until it is born
1997 January Alliance for Life is given leave to intervene is the D.G. case, the substance abusing pregnant woman from Winnipeg whose case is proceeding to the Supreme Court. Case will be heard June 17, 1997.
1997 February 27 Ron Fitzsimmons, executive director of the National Coalition of Abortion Providers admits he “lied through his teeth” about the rarity of late term “partial birth” abortion in the U.S. That fallacy had permitted President Clinton to veto legislation forbidding partial birth abortion. The issue is revived in the U.S. and spills over into Canada.
1997 November Dr. Jack Fainman, a Winnipeg gynecologist and obstetrician who performs abortions, is shot in the right shoulder through the back window of his home. Police believe the shooting is linked to the shootings of Drs. Hugh Short and Garson Romalis as they occurred near Remembrance Day.
1998 April St. Michael’s Roman Catholic Hospital in Toronto, in merging and taking over Wellesley Hospital, receives heavy criticism from the media and feminist groups for cancelling abortion procedures at the Wellesley site.
1998 May 05 Nova Scotia Supreme Court Justice Douglas MacLellan awards Wanda MacPhail $724,547. MacPhail blacked out and collided with another vehicle after she drove home after having an abortion in March 1993. MacLellan concluded that MacPhail had “a severe emotional reaction” to the abortion.
1998 July 10 Eleven pro-abortion protesters belonging to the Anti-Racist Action group are arrested at a pro-life rally at the Ontario parliament buildings at Queen’s Park in Toronto. The protesters were charged with mischief after sitting on the road, blocking traffic around the Legislature and crossing a police line that separated them from the pro-life rally. Some of the Anti-Racist Action members carried picket signs mounted on baseball bats.
1998 October Pro-abortion advocates in Ontario call a deal between the Ontario government and the Ontario Medical Association “a threat to access.” The deal sets a cap fee for performing abortions at $300,000 a year for general practitioners and $380,000 for specialists.
1998 October 23 Dr. Barnett Slepian, a Buffalo, New York obstetrician-gynecologist who performed abortions is shot to death at his home by a sniper. The alleged assailant, James Kopp, is pursued by authorities in the United States, Canada and Mexico. In Canada, Kopp is considered at suspect in previous shootings of abortion doctors. Pro-abortion advocates call for greater protection of abortion facilities in Canada.
1998 October 28 The parents of a 7-year-old girl, who was born with severe physical deformities not detected by an ultrasound, lose in their bid to sue a hospital, doctor and technician for $21-million dollars in a case of “wrongful birth.” David and Kelly Mickle of Windsor, Ontario claim they were deprived of their right to choose an abortion that would have prevented the birth of their daughter Sarah
1998 November 04 Henry Morgentaler claims in a newspaper article he wrote that the decline in violent crime in Canada and the U.S. can be linked to the increase in abortions. “It is accepted wisdom that prevention is better than a cure. To prevent the birth of unwanted children by family planning, birth control and abortion is preventive medicine, preventive psychiatry, and prevention of violent crime.”
1999 February 18 The Canadian government denies refugee status to Jin Xiang Yang of China because his actions are considered a crime against humanity. In China, Yang was responsible for enforcing China’s “one child policy.” Part of his job was to track births and pregnancies of women who did not have a “birth permit” or already had one child. He was involved in the arrest of women and helped take them away for forced sterilization or abortions.
1999 April 14 After a six-year battle, nurses at Markham Stouffville Hospital reach an agreement with their employer allowing them the right to decline assisting doctors performing abortions.
1999 May 06 Police and a doctors’ group launch an investigation at the Foothills Hospital in Calgary into the late-term abortions of genetically flawed babies. The investigation would also look at violations of prematurely inducing labour and leaving infants born alive to die without care. Police would later find no evidence of criminal wrongdoing following the use of the controversial procedure known as genetic termination. Critics would claim the probe was incomplete as many of the doctors involved refused to speak to police.
1999 November Preven, a morning after pill, is approved by Health Canada for sale to the Canadian public.
2000 March 05 Three pro-life students at the University of British Columbia sue the UBC student council over the trashing of a pro-life display in November 1999. The pro-life students claim that the Alma Mater Society destroyed an information display on abortion. The attacked was captured on video tape and included the overturning of tables, tearing down signs and ripping apart pro-life material.
2000 March 20 Rebecca Davis launches a $100-million dollar lawsuit against the province of Ontario claiming she was forced to undergo an unwanted and illegal abortion while a resident of the Grandview School for Girls in 1976. The suit also claims Henderson General Hospital in Hamilton was negligent in aborting her fetus because she was considered healthy and there was no risk to the baby.
2000 June 27 Clinical trials on the “RU-486” “abortion pill” begin in British Columbia under a shroud of secrecy. The public isn’t notified until late July
2000 July 11 Police warn doctors who perform abortions to go on “high alert” after Dr. Garson Romalis is stabbed outside his clinic. It is the second attempt on his life.
2000 July 20 Dr. Richard Neale, a gynecologist who was allowed to work in Britain for 14 years after being banned from practising in Canada, is found guilty of maiming 12 patients. In early accounts of this story, the Canadian media noted Neale performed abortions while in Canada. Reports on the story in subsequent months fail to mention Neale’s abortion activities
2000 July Pro-abortion politicians and advocates call for amendments to the Canadian Criminal Code to classify attacks on abortion providers as a “hate crime.”
2000 September 14 A security consultant for the Henry Morgentaler clinic in Alberta wants federal officials to make it easier for abortion clinics to hire armed guards.
2000 October 24 Students for Life at the University College of the Cariboo in Kamloops B.C. complain to the province’s civil liberties union after student leaders decided to revoke the group’s status as a club. The B.C. Liberties Association is “very concerned” about the way the group was treated.
2000 October 25 The B.C. government allows for morning-after pills to be available in that province without a prescription.
2000 October – November In the federal election campaign, Alliance Party leader Stockwell Day and his party are continually criticized by the opposition parties and the media for having pro-life views on abortion.
2001 January 22 U.S. President George W. Bush reinstates a ban on federal funds to international family planning groups that offer abortion or abortion counselling.
2001 March 23 After eight years of bitter debate, Swiss legislators vote to legalize abortion. The centrist Christian People’s Party “a member of the four-party coalition government” immediately challenged the decision and announced it would collect the 100,000 signatures necessary under Swiss law to force a referendum. Abortion is technically illegal but widely practised in Switzerland.
2001 February 03 Karen Brauer, a pharmacist from Indiana, wins a legal victory against K-Mart. Brauer was fired when she refused to dispense a drug called Micronor which acts as a morning-after pill. In the ruling Judge Herman Weber disagreed with K-Mart’s narrow reading of the state conscience statute ruling that the statute is “obviously intended to allow an individual who morally or ethically opposes abortion to follow the dictates of her conscience and refuse to participate in such procedures.”
2001 May 11 Henry Morgentaler threatens to sue the province of Manitoba for discrimination and alleged violations of the Canada Health Act. Morgentaler accuses the province’s health minister of being anti-abortion and of sabotaging an agreement that would have seen Morgentaler’s Winnipeg clinic funded by the province.
2001 May 16 A study published in the Harvard Quarterly Journal of Economics says the drop in crime across the United States in the 1990’s was caused in part by the legalization of abortion two decades earlier. Jack Donohue, a law professor at Stanford University, authored the study. He is quoted as saying: “Since a disproportionately large proportion of abortions are to women in rather difficult circumstances, and unwanted kids tend to have bad life outcomes [involving] crime, it sort of made sense to us that the very dramatic increase in abortions may have played a role in the drop [in crime] we have seen 18 to 20 years later.” He said access to abortion could be responsible for as much as 50% of the drop rate in U.S. crime. Critics say it is a manifestation of eugenics based on a racist profile of young black mothers producing the country’s criminals.
2001 June 14 During a preparatory meeting for the World Summit on Children, a Canadian representative shocked delegates with a statement pertaining to “reproductive health care services” by including abortion as a service.
2001 July 24 The Hull Region Women’s Clinic, a Quebec abortuary, withdraws its legal action against the pro-life group Respect de la Vie Outaouais. The abortuary was contesting a pamphlet by RVO noting that one in 25 women “are hospitalized up to 7 days after legally induced abortion in Canada.” The clinic claimed “irreparable damages” caused to its business by the RVO pamphlet. The statistics RVO used came from Statistics Canada.
2001 August 01 Federal Health Minister Allan Rock threatens to fine the province of New Brunswick under the Canada Health Act if they do not pay for abortions in private abortuaries.
2001 September 11 A Canadian woman dies during testing of the abortion pill “RU-486” in the United States. A Health Canada official states that information on adverse reactions to drugs in clinical trials is not public information even when a death is involved.
2001 November 01 The Canadian Abortion Rights Action League admitted that abortions are “socio-economic” rather than medically necessary procedure. In a submission to the House of Commons Finance Committee, CARAL Executive Director Marilyn Wilson said that women who seek abortions: “…do so for socio economic reasons. Sometimes it is a desire to complete their education and become financially independent. In many cases, couples with children wish to restrict their family size in order to provide adequate financial support. Often, choosing abortion is a conscious decision not to become a socio-economic burden on society.”
2001 December 20 Quebec announces that pharmacists may dispense the abortifacient ‘morning-after pill’ without prescription with the bill for the pills being picked up by taxpayers.
2002 January 03 The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada is urging Canadian doctors to “skirt federal rules” by handing out “just-in-case” prescriptions for the abortifacient morning-after pill. Only in British Columbia and Quebec, where provincial laws have been changed to allow pharmacists to dispense the drug, can women buy it directly. However, some doctors are circumventing laws in other provinces with the advance prescriptions.
2002 January 08 A Quebec woman launches a $90,000 lawsuit against two doctors since they did not detect her pregnancy despite five visits to the clinic, one less than a month before she gave birth to her 7 1/2 pound daughter. The woman said she would have had an abortion has she known she was pregnant.
2002 January 09 Health Canada spokesperson Ryan Baker reacted to press inquiries on the ethics of doctors skirting regulations on the abortifacient morning-after pill by handing out “just-in-case” prescriptions, saying “it is not appropriate for Health Canada to comment.” He said that the provinces have charge over the “practice of medicine” and thus must determine if it is “ethically sound” to allow the advance prescriptions.
2002 January 17 At a United Nations meeting November 30, the representative of Canada objected to “the assertion that the right to life is the most basic human right.” Canada balked at supporting a United Nations document on Human Rights and Terrorism saying that the inference to the supremacy of the “right to life” was “unacceptable.”
2002 January 18 Statistics Canada releases its abortion statistics for 1999 but noted that abortions for the province of Ontario were not included due to “changes in reporting requirements in Ontario.” Since Ontario usually accounts for 40% of abortions in Canada, the quality of the federal agency’s report is severely undermined.
2002 January 25 The Canadian Supreme Court ruled in what is believed to be the first time a case involving “wrongful birth” has hit the high court. The nine justices ruled unanimously that the adult care of a child born with Down syndrome need not be covered by a doctor who failed to encourage the woman to undergo pre-natal testing which may have identified the disorder.
2002 March 01 An officially recognized pro-life club at University College of the Fraser Valley was forced to take down a pro-life display consisting of 40 white crosses (representing 40 abortions per day in British Columbia) in a field even though they had prior permission from the university. The university admits to having permitted the display originally and then ordering its removal based on complaints from other students and staff.
2002 March 12 Statistics Canada releases results from the 2001 Census. Canada’s population grew by only 4% over a five year period. At just over 30 million people, the country is one of the most sparsely populated in the world. The number of deaths increased due to an aging population while births declined.
2002 April 22 According to the deVeber Institute, abortion complications are seriously under reported, leaving women who undergo abortion largely unaware of the range of physical and psychological risks they face. Breast cancer, pelvic infection, infertility, life-threatening ectopic pregnancy, and subsequent premature births – with higher rates of children born with cerebral palsy – were found to be associated with abortion. In addition, while abortion is often regarded as a cure for the depression and stress of a crisis pregnancy, the study found that women are more likely to commit suicide after abortion than after giving birth to a child.
2002 April 23 A study sponsored by the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario found that abortion very significantly increases the risk of serious infection, need for further surgery and psychiatric problems. Interestingly, there is no evidence that the College attempted to disseminate this important abortion health risk information to Ontario women.
2002 May 17 Canadian Alliance M.P. Garry Breitkreuz has been told by Health Canada that the department has no statistics on whether abortions are medically necessary or medically risky. Breitkreuz submitted an Access to Information request asking for: “Copies of documents, reports and correspondence in the department with respect to the total death risk by woman having an elective abortion compared with carrying their baby to term.” Health Canada’s reply says the department could find “no records relevant to your request.”
2002 May 24 Liberal, N.D.P. and Bloc M.P.’s refused consent in the House of Commons to accept a motion from Canadian Alliance M.P. Garry Breitkreuz to protect unborn children. A year earlier, Breitkreuz tried to convince the House of the need to modify the definition of “human being” in the Criminal Code, which he calls “scientifically incorrect.”
2002 May 29 A Health Canada study suggests that Canadian women are using amniocentesis to search out and destroy babies with disabilities. The study, based on seven years of statistics, found that the number of abortions for women in the 20 th to 21 st week – prime time for such screening tests – was up by 578 per cent.
2002 July 03 A major Canadian study finds that mother’s history of abortions is a factor in the necessity of newborns’ re-admission to hospital. The main finding of the study, which examined 81,956 births between April, 1997, and March 2000, in Alberta, showed that early maternal discharge is a relatively minor reason for newborn re-admissions to hospital. But in a list of factors that influenced newborn re-admissions “history of abortions” was listed. Numerous other published studies have confirmed risks for later-born siblings of aborted babies
2002 July 04 The last two decades have seen Canadian fertility drop to a record low of 1.52 children per woman in 1999, compared to the American   rate of 2.08. In “Trends in Canadian and American fertility 1980 to 1999” Statistics Canada laments that, “For almost a century, Canada’s population   growth rate had been higher than that of the United States,” but that “Canada’s growth is now only about three-quarters of the growth south of the   border.” Stats Canada offers several theories to explain the growing difference:
– Marriage occurs earlier and more often in the United States, and as a result, women tend to bear children earlier. Canadians are more likely to put off starting a family;
– The higher fertility rate of American minorities. Even the fertility rate of white non-hispanic women, the group with the lowest U.S. fertility rate, at 1.85 children per woman, is well above the Canadian average;
– Canadian women are more aggressive and efficient with contraception than American women. For example, of Canadian women aged 15 to 19 “who use contraceptives, 86% use a pharmaceutical method, primarily the pill,” but in the U.S. only 58% use the pill;
– Canada’s public health care system provides universal free access to contraception and abortion; in “the U.S. such services” are not necessarily in the hands of government, and do not manipulate or intrude as much on people’s private lives (Statistics Canada did not use these exact words);
– “Because of low birth rates,” writes Stats Can, “immigration has already become the main contributor to population growth in Canada, a trend expected to continue…If fertility remains at the current level, deaths are expected to outnumber births in Canada in about 20 to 25 years.”
2002 September 05 A young woman who wished to forego her scheduled abortion appointment was taken by force from a pro-life counsellor. During the incident, a pro-life counsellor was pepper sprayed by women who appeared to be associated with an abortuary which specializes in late-term abortions.
2002 September 20 Government documents obtained by the National Post reveal that the federal Liberals have been penalizing Nova Scotia $39,000 a year for refusing to pay the full cost of abortions in private abortuaries. However, the documents also indicate that four other provinces which either do not fund abortions in private abortuaries at all, or only partially, are not being fined. All provinces, except P.E.I. provide taxpayer-funded abortions in hospitals. P.E.I. pays for them in hospitals outside the province. The National Post indicates that Health Canada has pressured New Brunswick, Manitoba, P.E.I. and Quebec to fund private abortuaries.
2002 September 26 Canada has reached another record low in birth rates, with 327,882 babies born in 2000, the lowest number since 1946 when the country   emerged from the Second World War and tens of thousands of men had been overseas nine months earlier. The implication is that modern values have now   surpassed the most devastating war Canada has ever known in terms of creating childlessness.
At a time when the population is growing only through immigration, the fertility rate, the average number of children per woman aged 15 to 49, hit   another record low of 1.49 down from the post-1951 peak of 3.94 births per woman in 1959. The largest annual drop in the “fertility” rate   occurred among teenagers, from 18.9 births for every 1,000 girls aged 15 to 19 in 1999 to a new low of 17.3
So-called “fertility rates” are not, as the term might suggest, a reflection of “fertility” or the potential to have children;   contraception and abortion skew actual fertility. In fact, there were at least 100,000 abortions “one for every three infants who were born   alive” recorded per year during the past decade. Notable are the figures for teenage girls: in 1997 there were 21.5 abortions per 1,000 girls,   compared to 14 in 1975, and since 1993 the majority of teen pregnancies have ended in abortion.
2002 September 30 Henry Morgentaler publicizes his plan to force dissident provinces to fund abortions in private clinics. At present, five provinces (Manitoba, P.E.I., New Brunwick and Nova Scotia) refuse to fund abortions done in private clinics ” a position abortion activists claim contravenes the Canada Health Act. Morgentaler vows to take the government of New Brunswick and “possibly” Nova Scotia to court.
2002 October 03 Henry Morgentaler refers to the province of Prince Edward Island as “a joke of a province.” The comment came as Morgentaler was asked why he was not including the province in his lawsuit against New Brunwick and Nova Scotia for not funding his private abortuaries.
2002 October 15 Pro-Life activist Bill Whatcott is victorious in a court battle over his placing pro-life pamphlets on car windshields in a University of Regina parking lot. In an 18-page decision, Court of Queen’s Bench Justice Dennis Ball set aside Whatcott’s conviction for “the unlawful distribution of literature,” saying application of a parking bylaw stopped Whatcott from communicating his views, contrary to the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Bell said the act also infringed on Whatcott’s freedom of expression as protected by the Saskatchewan Human Rights Code
2002 October 28 Canadian abortionist Henry Morgentaler has an estimated gross annual revenue of $11 million, according to research published in the Quebec paper Le Droit. Statistics showed that in 1992-93, there were 103,244 abortions in Canada. Of this number, Morgentaler, with his eight abortuaries operating in seven provinces, performed 19,026 abortions, without taking into account those performed at his Edmonton centre (numbers not available). At an average cost of $607.25 per abortion, the gross annual revenue of Morgentaler in 1992-93 was no less than $11,553,538, with, in Ontario (and perhaps elsewhere rent [516,461 in 1993-94) and security ($450,000 per year) fee entirely covered by taxpayers (1995-2004).
2002 October 29 A poll commissioned by LifeCanada showed that only 23% of Canadians want all abortions to be publicly funded, and only 30% would deny legal protection to unborn children. The Léger poll also found that 51% of 1,500 Canadians said that abortion should only be tax-funded in medical emergencies such as a threat to the mother’s life, or in the case of rape or incest. Another 15% said that paying for abortion should be a private responsibility. 56% of respondents said human life should be legally protected before birth. 37% favoured protection from conception on. 13% said after three months gestation, 6% after 6 months. 30% said legal protection should be restricted until after birth.
2002 November 04 Malawi, a country targeted by population control advocates, is being hit with scare tactics by Canada and the United Nations Population Fund. A “reproductive health project” is underway at a time when the country is vulnerable due to famine. A joint project of UNFPA and the Canadian Public Health Association (funded by the Canadian International Development Agency) are distributing abortifacient contraceptives and training “family planning” counselors.
2002 November 05 The South East Health Authority in Moncton, N.B., the largest abortion-performing hospital in the province says that after December 31, 2002, it would not perform elective abortions. The Authority explained that specialists at the hospital made a joint decision to stop based on frequent no-shows which waste already sparse operating time.
2002 December 17 Manitoba’s Health Minister says Henry Morgentaler is “too difficult to deal with” and that the province would rather set up its own abortuary rather than take over Morgentaler’s Winnipeg branch. Tensions between Morgentaler and the province when a lawsuit was launched in 2001 by two women “forced” to go to Morgentaler’s clinic, where the province pays the doctor’s fee but the customer must pay the $500 clinit profit fee. Morgentaler said he offered to hand over the clinic to the province for free. “I will make whatever concessions [the minister] needs so women will be able to use the clinic. I don’t understand it. I’m giving up $500,000. I’m glad to say goodbye to it in the interest of the health of the women of Manitoba.” However, documents released by the government show that Morgentaler wanted taxpayers to buy his equipment and furniture, pay rent for the clinic ” which is in a building 50% owned by Morgentaler ” and pay him a consultant’s fee during the transition.
2003 January 14 The Reduce Risk Coalition (RPRC), after an extensive search, failed to find a single study showing that a woman’s risk of dying after an abortion improves. The group offered $1000 to anyone who could counter a Scandanavian journal which found that women, in the 12 months after an induced abortion, had a 252% higher relative total risk of dying compared to women who delivered.
2003 January 17 B.C pro-lifer Jim Demers has lost his challenge of the provincial bubble zone legislation at the B.C. Court of Appeal. However, the result is a positive one for Demers who says the appeal was argued in terms of the right to life for the newborn and is now set to go to the Supreme Court of Canada. Demers argued that the bubble zone infringed on his right to freedom of speech under the Charter.
2003 January 17 A Manitoba judge calls on her province to legislate protection for unborn children from their substance-abusing mothers. Judge Linda M. Giesbrecht, in a 234-page ruling on the case of Patrick Redhead, a native foster child who killed himself in 1999 near Dugald, Man, wrote “In light of the evidence at this inquest, the time may have come for legislators in this province to tackle this difficult issue in order to assist family service agencies to protect unborn children.” “The evidence strongly suggests that Martina Redhead (the boy’s mother) is a chronic and severe alcoholic.” At the least, Giesbrecht said, governments could look forward to many years of costly compensation suits if they fail to pass legislation.
2003 January 20 An abortionist was the top billing practitioner in Toronto in 1998-99 according to the Ontario government who were forced to release the figures after a court battle with the Globe and Mail . The physician billed $522,695 for the fiscal year and committed 2,280 abortions.
2003 January 21 Dr. Henry Morgentaler announces he is expanding his clinic in Manitoba and vowed to sue the province for refusing to cover his lucrative $500 per abortion “clinic fee,” over and above the “doctor’s fee” already funded by taxpayers. Morgentaler’s threat comes after a lengthy feud with the province. “It is incomprehensible that a minister of health, whose duty is to protect the health of citizens, should be so insensitive to the suffering of women, and so delinquent in carrying out his duties,” Morgentaler said. “It is hard to understand how a pro-choice NDP party has been manoeuvred into imposing suffering and victimization of women by a small, anti-choice faction in its midst.”
2003 January 22 Dr. Henry Morgentaler offers discount abortions in a bid to increase political pressure on the Manitoba government. Morgentaler says he will cut the profitable surcharge at his Winnipeg clinic from $530-$580 (a sliding scale price scale depending on the size of the baby) to $250 per abortion. Morgentaler would also like for the government to buy out his clinic using tax dollars. Health Minister Dave Chomiak said there are no plans to buy Morgentaler out or to start picking up the surcharge, because Winnipeg’s hospitals already provide enough access. He called the abortionist’s latest pitch “nothing new. This is the sixth, or seventh or eight time Dr. Morgentaler has called on us to take over his clinc.”
2003 January 22 Professor Tim Heslip of the University of Calgary has a letter published in the Globe and Mail in which he questions the motivation behind Canada’s foremost abortionist Henry Morgentaler. Weighing in on the debate over whether Morgentaler should be awarded the Order of Canada, Heslip says: “Henry Morgentaler suffered more than most people can imagine. He said he felt responsible for his parents’ death and may have felt he should not have been born. He also witnessed many other terrible events. He probably suffers from post traumatic stress disorder.” “I suggest that his zeal for performing abortions is a result of all this, and that he is trying to make up for feelings that he should not have been born by preventing as many births as he can. His motivation may simply be very dysfunctional and the result of his terrible suffering.”
2003 January 27 Liberal MP Paul Steckle, Alliance MP Maurice Vellacott and Conservative MP Elsie Wayne issue a press release regarding Henry Morgentaler who has been badgering both federal and provincial governments for more public funding of his private abortuaries. The MP’s noted that Morgentaler “continues to market his anti-woman, quick-fix solution of abortion to a shrinking audience.” “The evidence is mounting as to the dangerous effects of abortion for women: a higher risk of breast cancer, emotional and psychological trauma, child abuse due problems bonding with subsequent children, sterility, substance abuse, and more.”
2003 January 30 A B.C. Supreme Court orders Dr. Ken Kan to pay $325,000 to two separated parents because “he failed to diagnose that the unborn child had Down’s Syndrome so that they could abort the baby.” Lydia Zhang, the mother, 42 says that the 1997 birth of her daughter Sherry, “totally disrupted our plans,” and that her marriage to Simon Fung collapsed as a result. Had she known in advance, Ms. Zhang says, she would have aborted her daughter.

Last Updated February 28, 2003

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